Plantago ovata seeds, Plantago ovata, Psyllium
Psyllium seeds have been used in Europe for intestinal health since the 16th century. Psyllium is a bulk-forming laxative high in both fiber and mucilage.
Psyllium husk contains a high proportion of hemicellulose, composed of a xylan backbone linked with arabinose, rhamnose, and galacturonic acid units (arabinoxylans).
The main chemical constituents of Psyllium include mucilage (arabinoxylan), aucubine, protein, enzymes, xylose, galactose, oil (linoleic, oleic, palmitic), and starch.
Psyllium seeds contain 10-30% mucilage. The seed husks can absorb about 7-15 times their weight in water.
Colonic fermentation of Plantago ovata seeds (dietary fiber) yields butyrate.
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