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Epinephrine, Primatene Mist, Adrenalin, EPI, EpiPen


An endogenous sympathomimetic agonist.
Epinephrine injection is used to treat life-threatening allergic reactions caused by insect bites, foods, medications, latex, and other causes. Symptoms of allergic reaction include wheezing, shortness of breath, low blood pressure, hives, itching, swelling, stomach cramps, diarrhea, and loss of bladder control.
Epinephrine is in a class of medications called sympathomimetic agents. It works by relaxing the muscles in the airways and tightening the blood vessels.


adrenergic agonist, direct sympathomimetic


acute asthma attack, glaucoma, MI

Side Effects

tachycardia, arrythmia, v-fib, angina, hypertension

upset stomach, vomiting, sweating, dizziness, nervousness, weakness, pale skin, headache, shaking hands that you cannot control

Serious side effects include: difficulty breathing; pounding, fast, or irregular heartbeat

Drug-Vitamin-Herb Interactions




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