Natural Health Research

Naturopathic Medicine
Health Quizzes

Varicose Veins


Varicose veins are elongated, dilated, tortuous superficial veins with congenitally absent valves, or valves that have become incompetent. Varicose veins affects legs where the blood flows upwards back into the heart. About 20% of adults have varicose veins. Women are predominantly affected.


Varicose veins can be caused by faulty valves in one or more perforator veins in the lower leg causing secondary incompetence at the saphenofemoral junction. Increased venous pressure from any cause can cause varicosities. Deep thrombophlebitis (inflammation of the veins with thrombus formation) can cause varicose veins. In many individuals, no cause or precipitating factor found.

Risk factors include: Pregnancy; and Occupations requiring prolonged standing, restrictive clothing (e.g., very tight girdles).




Fantastic new books!

Complementary and Alternative Medical Lab Testing is chock full of references for over 100 diseases.

Nutritional Genetics is also a referenced resource with sections on over 100 diseases.

Great Health Quotes has wonderful quotations about health, healing, disease, doctors, and medicine, and it's FREE.

A Brief Introduction to Naturopathy and Naturopathic Medicine describes the history and modalities. It's also FREE.



Natural Health







Information on this site is provided for informational purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the advice provided by your own physician or other medical professional. You should not use the information contained herein for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease, or prescribing any medication. If you have or suspect that you have a medical problem, promptly contact your health care provider. Information and statements on this site have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.