Autoimmune diseases are characterized by the body's immune responses being directed against its own tissues, causing prolonged inflammation and subsequent tissue destruction.
Autoimmune diseases include, but are not limited to: celiac disease, Crohn's disease, pancreatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjogren's syndrome, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and other endocrinopathies, allergies, and multiple sclerosis.
Autoimmune rheumatoid arthritis is caused when immune-responsive cells attack the linings of the joints.
Autoimmune insulin-dependent diabetes is caused when immune cells attack the insulin-producing islet cells of the pancreas.
The following is a list of autoimmune diseases and what is attacked.
Myasthenia gravis - acetylcholine receptors
Graves's disease - thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptors
Thyroiditis - Thyroid celss
Insulin-resistant diabetes - insulin receptors
Asthma - Beta-2 adrenergic receptors
Juvenile insulin-dependent diabetes - Pancreatic islet cells
Pernicious anemia - Gastric parietal cells
Addison's disease - Adrenal cells
Idiopathic hypoparathyroidism - Parathyroid cells
Spontaneous infertility - Sperm
Premature ovarian failure - Interstitial cells, corpus luteum cells
Pemphigus - Intercellular substance of skin
Primary biliary cirrhosis - Mitochondria
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia - Erythrocytes
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura - Platelets
Idiopathic neutropenia - Neutrophils
Vitiligo - Melanocytes
Osteosclerosis and Meniere's disease - Type-II collagen
Chronic active hepatitis - Nuclei of hepatocytes
Goodpasture's syndrome - Basement membranes
Rheumatoid arthritis - Gamma globulin, virus-related antigens
Sjogren's syndrome - Nuclei and centromeres
Systemic lupus erythematosus - Nuclei, DNA, RNA, erythrocytes, etc.
Scleroderma - Nuclei and centromeres
Polymyositis - Nuclei, RNA
Autoimmune diseases are characterized by the body's immune responses being directed against its own tissues, causing prolonged inflammation and subsequent tissue destruction. This is basically an allergic reaction to the body itself.
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