Ataxia means clumsiness, or loss of coordination.
true ataxia is incoordination of volitional movement
truncal ataxia is unsteadiness while sitting
gait ataxia are disorders of equilibrium and gait
ataxic dysarthria is slurring of speech due to loss of muscle control
dysmetria is voluntary gaze is accomplished by a series of jerky movements
hypotonia is a decrease in the normal resistance of muscles to passive movement
Nutritional causes of ataxia include:
Selective vitamin E deficiency, which causes anemia. Vitamin E requirement is proportional to intake of essential fatty acids (oils).
Hartnup disease, which causes pellagra, cerebellar ataxia, episodic depending on tryptophan demands, intestinal transport defect of amino acids, which causes aminoaciduria and symptoms due to trypotophan and subsequent niacin & NAD deficiency
Pellagra is a niacin deficiency that causes diarrhea, dementia, dermatitis
Beriberi is a thiamin deficiency (common in alcoholics)
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