NaturDoctor.com

Natural Health Research

Naturopathic Medicine
Books
Health Quizzes
Library
About

Angina


Description

Angina is a symptom complex resulting from mismatch of myocardial oxygen demand and supply.

Classic angina is a sense of pressure or heaviness deep to the precordium, usually brought on by exertion or anxiety and relieved by rest.

Anginal equivalent is characterized by exertional dyspnea or exertional fatigue which results from myocardial ischemia and is relieved by rest or nitroglycerin.

Variant angina, also referred to as Prinzmetal's angina, describes angina occurring at rest of in typical patterns such as after exercise or nocturnally. Prinzmetal's angina is caused by coronary artery spasm and is associated with ECG changes (usually ST elevation) during symptoms.

Unstable angina is characterized by pain which is new or which is changed in character to become more frequent, more severe or both. Unstable angina portends myocardial infarction in a certain percentage of patients.

Causes

Causes of angina include: atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries; Coronary artery spasm; Thrombosis; Aortic stenosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Primary pulmonary hypertension; Severe hypertension; and Aortic insufficiency

Risk factors include: Family history of premature coronary artery disease (CAD); Hypercholesterolemia; Hypertension; Tobacco abuse; Diabetes mellitus; Male gender; and Advanced age.



Conventional Labs

Standard cardiovascular lab tests include Total cholesterol, and HDL and LDL cholesterol. An ECG may show evidence of prior myocardial infarction.

Additional tests include Exercise stress testing; Radionuclide scintigraphy; Stress echocardiography; and Coronary angiography.

Specialty Lab Tests

 

 

 

 

Fantastic new books!

Complementary and Alternative Medical Lab Testing is chock full of references for over 100 diseases.

Nutritional Genetics is also a referenced resource with sections on over 100 diseases.

Great Health Quotes has wonderful quotations about health, healing, disease, doctors, and medicine, and it's FREE.

A Brief Introduction to Naturopathy and Naturopathic Medicine describes the history and modalities. It's also FREE.

 


Research

Natural Health

Vitamins

Diseases

Drugs

Links

 

 

 

 

 


NaturDoctor.com

Information on this site is provided for informational purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the advice provided by your own physician or other medical professional. You should not use the information contained herein for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease, or prescribing any medication. If you have or suspect that you have a medical problem, promptly contact your health care provider. Information and statements on this site have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.

©